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Pro Tips To Use Complex Reasoning In Academic Research Paper

academic research paper

An academic research paper requires complex reasoning for logically evaluating evidence. It requires compare and contrast and using valid logical statements to build coherence between ideas. Everyone has opinions; however, those who can articulate them logically can generate insightful discourse. Academic research paper entails problem identification and evaluation in light of evidence through argumentation and analysis. Therefore, complex reasoning is a prerequisite for writing research papers, and this article will guide how to use complex reasoning in an academic research paper.

What Is Complex Reasoning?

Complex reasoning is a skill set that applies logic and reason to analyse various issues and problems. It entails drawing valid inferences by applying complex rules of derivation. It entails critical reading, interpretation, and the ability to form connections between ideas. Complex reasoning in an academic research paper is the ability of the researcher to evaluate and build logical arguments. Researchers build arguments and counterarguments by analysing the evidence at hand.

Moreover, it entails sequentially creating a chain of thought to develop a case for something. Argumentative research papers usually take a firm stance on an issue and then evaluate the data for developing arguments. Authors provide supporting arguments that are logically consistent to defend and expand the problem. Researchers critically read the literature and identify the text’s assumptions, biases, and overall theoretical approaches to derive logically coherent inferences.

What Is The Role Of Critical Reading In Complex Reasoning?

Critical reading is essential if you want to apply complex reasoning to an academic research paper. It requires reading the text critically and dissecting it to understand and get the gist of it. It differs from the normal reading you are accustomed to because we mostly do not pay attention to the underlying assumptions. Critical reading of a text entails questioning the author’s assumptions, biases and ideological positions. It is applied to every type of text, i.e., fictional or non-fictional. It entails applying the rules of logic to identify patterns and consistency between ideas. Therefore, critical reading has a crucial role to play in complex reasoning.

Why Should You Use Complex Reasoning In Academic Research Papers?

Complex reasoning is mandatory in an academic research paper because otherwise, you would end up writing an opinionated piece of text. It is imperative to apply complex rules of logic to develop coherence between the ideas. It lends credibility to your research and justifies the significance of the research. Also, it impresses your readers and brings their attention to the seriousness of the issue. It can lead to a thought process that might trigger a change.

Many revolutionary changes that occurred in the past were made possible due to complex reasoning. Reasoning is a faculty that when applied to understand the natural and social phenomenon always leads to progress. The growth of human civilisation in developed countries in the last two centuries was made possible because humans started questioning the dogmas and applied critical reasoning to understand the processes.

Similarly, the growth of scholarship is based on complex reasoning. Complex reasoning helps build a case for something logically and consistently. Therefore, you must apply complex reasoning in an academic research paper to develop a coherent thought process that can add value to the literature.

How To Use Complex Reasoning In An Academic Research Paper?

Step 1: Identify a Research Problem

The first step in using complex reasoning in an academic research paper is identifying a research problem. You must identify and choose an issue that is worth talking about. It can be a controversial issue or one capable of sparking a debate. However, it is important to remember that problem should be arguable, which entails that it must not be a mere conjecture. On the contrary, it must be a logical statement and one on which you can find ample data. The research problem is the central thesis which leads to subsequent statements and propositions that either support or refute the idea.

Step 2: Gather Evidence

Complex reasoning requires critical reading of the literature. It requires substantial data to corroborate claims. A valid and sound argument necessitates using valid evidence to corroborate the claims. You must gather data from reliable sources and critically evaluate it. Critical evaluation entails weighing up the pros and cons of the arguments and subjecting them to critical scrutiny. It involves applying complex rules of logic and observing whether the inferences drawn by previous researchers are logically consistent with their findings. Moreover, it also entails examining preconceived notions and biases that lead to sweeping generalisations.

Step 3: Define Your Approach

Complex reasoning in academic research paper entails defining your approach towards the issue. You can analyse the data using an inductive or deductive approach. The inductive approach entails collecting rich data and then developing a general claim based on the evidence. It involves moving from a specific problem to a broad generalisation based on the gathered data. The inferences or the conclusion must flow logically from the data. Anomalies must be avoided because it leads to self-contradictory statements and the rules of logic necessitate the conclusion to follow from the premises.

On the other hand, deductive logic is a part of complex reasoning that involves drawing inferences from general propositions. Researchers develop particular inferences from the general propositions. The deductive method entails valid premises, and the conclusion follows logically from those premises. It is a dialectical approach developed in ancient Greece by Socrates and popularised by Plato. Socrates used to indulge with fellow Athenians by giving a statement, and another person would give a counterstatement. Both these statements were analysed separately and analytically to see if they withstand the test of logic.

If the statements had logical consistency, they were later expanded, leading to more statements; otherwise, they were discarded. Complex reasoning in an academic research paper, which is a much-refined process, also entails evaluating the statements analytically by subjecting them to critical analysis. Novice researchers are often at a loss when applying complex reasoning to academic research papers, and therefore they feel overwhelmed with the task. However, if you need any help applying complex reasoning to your research, you can always get the best research paper help from expert writers.


Complex reasoning in an academic research paper involves critical reading, comprehension and analytical procedures to develop arguments and counterarguments. It entails questioning and building a solid case for defending an issue in the light of reason and facts.

Written by john martin

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